كيفية غرس النباتات

كيفية غرس النباتات

كيفية غرس النباتات

يعتمد نجاح غرس النباتات والاعتناء بها، إضافة لنموِّها وازدهارها على اتباع العديد من الخطوات، والتي تتضمن التالي:


اختيار المكان المناسب للزراعة

يجب أن يقوم المزارع باختيار المكان الملائم لزراعة النباتات، لذلك يفضّل أن يعالج الحديقة المخصّصة للزراعة، وأن يحرص على وصول أشعة الشمس للمزروعات، وأن يعتني بالحديقة ويجعلها صالحة للزراعة، حتى تعطيه محصولاً فيما بعد.<span class="mention" id="307d9dfa_b8f4_4ebb_a992_36c1abd7802f" data-data="{"id":"xyvwyMsyH7","websiteArticleWriter":"","websiteArticleDate":"","websiteArticleName":"Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22isChanged%22:false,%22index%22:1,%22order%22:1,%22lang%22:%22English%22,%22websiteArticleAddress%22:%22https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22data%22:{%22id%22:%22xyvwyMsyH7%22,%22websiteArticleWriter%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleDate%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleName%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22basicContant%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","isChanged":false,"index":1,"order":1,"lang":"English","websiteArticleAddress":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteNames%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"}}" data-denotation-char="" data-editor="<ref name="xyvwyMsyH7">MARIE IANNOTTI (3-10-2017), "Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"، <i>www.thespruce.com</i>, Retrieved 8-1-2018. Edited.</ref>" data-html="<div style='line-height: 0.3;'> <i class="fas fa-pencil-alt edit-ref" style='position: absolute;right:13px;top:5px;cursor: pointer;'></i> <i class="fas fa-times-circle close-ref" style='position: absolute;left: 2px;top: 2px; cursor: pointer;word-break: break-word;' data-id='xyvwyMsyH7'></i> <span class="reference-text"> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" target="_blank" style='word-break: break-word;display:block;line-height: normal;' href='https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184'>Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden</a> </span></div>" data-id="307d9dfa_b8f4_4ebb_a992_36c1abd7802f" data-index="1" data-order="1" data-tooltip="" data-type="website" data-website="https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184" data-value="[مرجع]" data-editor-class="editor-1">[1]</span>


تحديد أصناف النباتات المنوي زراعتها

تعتبر هذه الخطوة من أهمّ طرق التخطيط للزراعة، حيث يتمّ اختيار أصناف النباتات المنويّ زراعتها، فعلى سبيل المثال: يتم اختيار 18 نوعاً من أنواع البندورة لزراعتها في هذا الموسم، أو غيرها من الخضراوات، كما ويجب أن يقوم المزارع بأخذ الاعتبارات العمليّة عند اختيار البذور أو الشتلات، فهناك العديد من النباتات التي تنمو بشكل جيد إذا زُرعت من البذور، وهناك نوع آخر يكون نموه أفضل عندما تتمّ زراعته من الشتلات، فلا يوجد أيّ داعٍ للخوف والذعر من ذلك.<span class="mention" id="d70dd90d_42bd_443b_a64f_85c0bda0b91b" data-data="{"id":"xyvwyMsyH7","websiteArticleWriter":"","websiteArticleDate":"","websiteArticleName":"Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22isChanged%22:false,%22index%22:1,%22order%22:1,%22lang%22:%22English%22,%22websiteArticleAddress%22:%22https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22data%22:{%22id%22:%22xyvwyMsyH7%22,%22websiteArticleWriter%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleDate%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleName%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22basicContant%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","isChanged":false,"index":1,"order":1,"lang":"English","websiteArticleAddress":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteNames%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"}}" data-denotation-char="" data-editor="<ref name="xyvwyMsyH7">MARIE IANNOTTI (3-10-2017), "Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"، <i>www.thespruce.com</i>, Retrieved 8-1-2018. Edited.</ref>" data-html="<div style='line-height: 0.3;'> <i class="fas fa-pencil-alt edit-ref" style='position: absolute;right:13px;top:5px;cursor: pointer;'></i> <i class="fas fa-times-circle close-ref" style='position: absolute;left: 2px;top: 2px; cursor: pointer;word-break: break-word;' data-id='xyvwyMsyH7'></i> <span class="reference-text"> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" target="_blank" style='word-break: break-word;display:block;line-height: normal;' href='https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184'>Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden</a> </span></div>" data-id="d70dd90d_42bd_443b_a64f_85c0bda0b91b" data-index="1" data-order="1" data-tooltip="" data-type="website" data-website="https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184" data-value="[مرجع]" data-editor-class="editor-1">[1]</span>


زراعة الخضراوات في مساحة صغيرة

ينبغي الحرص على زراعة الخضراوات في مساحات صغيرة، وذلك لأنّ بعض أصناف الخضراوات تتلف بسبب تقلّبات الطقس، وبسبب عدم استقرار درجات الحرارة، سواء أكانت الحرارة مرتفعة أم منخفضة.<span class="mention" id="ad931a5c_17fd_4716_aa82_6b9a402dd883" data-data="{"id":"xyvwyMsyH7","websiteArticleWriter":"","websiteArticleDate":"","websiteArticleName":"Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22isChanged%22:false,%22index%22:1,%22order%22:1,%22lang%22:%22English%22,%22websiteArticleAddress%22:%22https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22data%22:{%22id%22:%22xyvwyMsyH7%22,%22websiteArticleWriter%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleDate%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleName%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22basicContant%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","isChanged":false,"index":1,"order":1,"lang":"English","websiteArticleAddress":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteNames%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"}}" data-denotation-char="" data-editor="<ref name="xyvwyMsyH7">MARIE IANNOTTI (3-10-2017), "Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"، <i>www.thespruce.com</i>, Retrieved 8-1-2018. Edited.</ref>" data-html="<div style='line-height: 0.3;'> <i class="fas fa-pencil-alt edit-ref" style='position: absolute;right:13px;top:5px;cursor: pointer;'></i> <i class="fas fa-times-circle close-ref" style='position: absolute;left: 2px;top: 2px; cursor: pointer;word-break: break-word;' data-id='xyvwyMsyH7'></i> <span class="reference-text"> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" target="_blank" style='word-break: break-word;display:block;line-height: normal;' href='https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184'>Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden</a> </span></div>" data-id="ad931a5c_17fd_4716_aa82_6b9a402dd883" data-index="1" data-order="1" data-tooltip="" data-type="website" data-website="https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184" data-value="[مرجع]" data-editor-class="editor-1">[1]</span>


زراعة الخضار في أصص صغيرة

تتميز زراعة الخضار بالأصص بوجود عدة مزايا، وهي: التحكّم في التربة، وكذلك التحكّم في الصرف الصحيّ، كما وتسهّل عمل حفرة وزراعة النبتة مقارنة مع الزراعة في الأماكن الواسعة، كما ويمكن نقلها باتجاه أشعة الشمس بسهولة تامة، ولكن يرجى الانتباه إلى رفع الأصص بضع أقدام عن مستوى سطح الأرض، وذلك لتجنّب وصول الآفات إليها.<span class="mention" id="8ee1c144_b1d3_41da_b395_1bd52898f8c7" data-data="{"id":"xyvwyMsyH7","websiteArticleWriter":"","websiteArticleDate":"","websiteArticleName":"Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22isChanged%22:false,%22index%22:1,%22order%22:1,%22lang%22:%22English%22,%22websiteArticleAddress%22:%22https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22data%22:{%22id%22:%22xyvwyMsyH7%22,%22websiteArticleWriter%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleDate%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleName%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22basicContant%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","isChanged":false,"index":1,"order":1,"lang":"English","websiteArticleAddress":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteNames%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"}}" data-denotation-char="" data-editor="<ref name="xyvwyMsyH7">MARIE IANNOTTI (3-10-2017), "Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"، <i>www.thespruce.com</i>, Retrieved 8-1-2018. Edited.</ref>" data-html="<div style='line-height: 0.3;'> <i class="fas fa-pencil-alt edit-ref" style='position: absolute;right:13px;top:5px;cursor: pointer;'></i> <i class="fas fa-times-circle close-ref" style='position: absolute;left: 2px;top: 2px; cursor: pointer;word-break: break-word;' data-id='xyvwyMsyH7'></i> <span class="reference-text"> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" target="_blank" style='word-break: break-word;display:block;line-height: normal;' href='https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184'>Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden</a> </span></div>" data-id="8ee1c144_b1d3_41da_b395_1bd52898f8c7" data-index="1" data-order="1" data-tooltip="" data-type="website" data-website="https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184" data-value="[مرجع]" data-editor-class="editor-1">[1]</span>


العناية المنتظمة

تتطلّب النباتات عناية منتظمة، حيث تحتاج إلى الريّ بشكل مستمر، وإلى الحصاد بانتظام، وتغطيتها لتجنيبها أضرار الصقيع، وغيرها من متطلّبات العناية بالنبات.<span class="mention" id="a348bd69_fae3_4541_acc6_07de341783c0" data-data="{"id":"xyvwyMsyH7","websiteArticleWriter":"","websiteArticleDate":"","websiteArticleName":"Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22isChanged%22:false,%22index%22:1,%22order%22:1,%22lang%22:%22English%22,%22websiteArticleAddress%22:%22https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22data%22:{%22id%22:%22xyvwyMsyH7%22,%22websiteArticleWriter%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleDate%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleName%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22basicContant%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","isChanged":false,"index":1,"order":1,"lang":"English","websiteArticleAddress":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteNames%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"}}" data-denotation-char="" data-editor="<ref name="xyvwyMsyH7">MARIE IANNOTTI (3-10-2017), "Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"، <i>www.thespruce.com</i>, Retrieved 8-1-2018. Edited.</ref>" data-html="<div style='line-height: 0.3;'> <i class="fas fa-pencil-alt edit-ref" style='position: absolute;right:13px;top:5px;cursor: pointer;'></i> <i class="fas fa-times-circle close-ref" style='position: absolute;left: 2px;top: 2px; cursor: pointer;word-break: break-word;' data-id='xyvwyMsyH7'></i> <span class="reference-text"> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" target="_blank" style='word-break: break-word;display:block;line-height: normal;' href='https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184'>Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden</a> </span></div>" data-id="a348bd69_fae3_4541_acc6_07de341783c0" data-index="1" data-order="1" data-tooltip="" data-type="website" data-website="https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184" data-value="[مرجع]" data-editor-class="editor-1">[1]</span>


مكافحة الآفات الزراعية

تعتبر مكافحة الآفات الزراعية جزءاً حيوياً من زراعة النبات، ولذلك يجب العمل على وضع التدابير اللازمة لمكافحة الآفات، وذلك من خلال رشّ المحصول بأدوات مكافحة الآفات.<span class="mention" id="40dd2c9e_65a5_448d_be60_8c7960438ed3" data-data="{"id":"xyvwyMsyH7","websiteArticleWriter":"","websiteArticleDate":"","websiteArticleName":"Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22isChanged%22:false,%22index%22:1,%22order%22:1,%22lang%22:%22English%22,%22websiteArticleAddress%22:%22https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22data%22:{%22id%22:%22xyvwyMsyH7%22,%22websiteArticleWriter%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleDate%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleName%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","websiteName":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22basicContant%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden","isChanged":false,"index":1,"order":1,"lang":"English","websiteArticleAddress":"https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184%22,%22websiteNames%22:%22Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"}}" data-denotation-char="" data-editor="<ref name="xyvwyMsyH7">MARIE IANNOTTI (3-10-2017), "Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden"، <i>www.thespruce.com</i>, Retrieved 8-1-2018. Edited.</ref>" data-html="<div style='line-height: 0.3;'> <i class="fas fa-pencil-alt edit-ref" style='position: absolute;right:13px;top:5px;cursor: pointer;'></i> <i class="fas fa-times-circle close-ref" style='position: absolute;left: 2px;top: 2px; cursor: pointer;word-break: break-word;' data-id='xyvwyMsyH7'></i> <span class="reference-text"> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" target="_blank" style='word-break: break-word;display:block;line-height: normal;' href='https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184'>Planning and Starting a Vegetable Garden</a> </span></div>" data-id="40dd2c9e_65a5_448d_be60_8c7960438ed3" data-index="1" data-order="1" data-tooltip="" data-type="website" data-website="https://www.thespruce.com/planning-and-starting-a-vegetable-garden-1403184" data-value="[مرجع]" data-editor-class="editor-1">[1]</span>


نصائح عامة لزراعة النباتات

يجب الاهتمام بالنصائح الآتية عندما يتم زراعة النباتات:

  • تجنّب اختيار النباتات التي يسهل وصول الآفات إليها، حيث ينبغي اختيار النباتات القصيرة بدلاً من الطويلة.
  • اختيار التربة ذات درجات صرف ملائمة للزراعة، ومعرفة طرق التسميد الجيدة لها.
  • يفضل العناية بتوفير احتياجات النبات الأساسية، وهي: أشعة الشمس بشكل معقول، والتربة، والماء.

ويُجدر بالذكر أن للنباتات دور مهم في الحياة على سطح الأرض، إذ توفّر غاز الأكسجين، والمأوى، والملابس، والأدوية للكائنات الحية الأخرى، ولذلك، يجب الاعتناء بها و مُتابعة نموِّها وعلاج أي مُشكلة يُمكن أن تواجهها.<span class="mention" id="b0d5d323_6b85_4d0f_8637_f2900bd1d83a" data-data="{"id":"FvIItGDLpp","websiteArticleWriter":"","websiteArticleDate":"","websiteArticleName":"Parts of a Flowering Plant","websiteName":"https://www.thoughtco.com/parts-of-a-flowering-plant-373607%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22isChanged%22:false,%22index%22:7,%22order%22:7,%22lang%22:%22English%22,%22websiteArticleAddress%22:%22https://www.thoughtco.com/parts-of-a-flowering-plant-373607%22,%22data%22:{%22id%22:%22FvIItGDLpp%22,%22websiteArticleWriter%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleDate%22:%22%22,%22websiteArticleName%22:%22Parts of a Flowering Plant","websiteName":"https://www.thoughtco.com/parts-of-a-flowering-plant-373607%22,%22websiteArticleShowDate%22:%22%22,%22basicContant%22:%22Parts of a Flowering Plant","isChanged":false,"index":7,"order":7,"lang":"English","websiteArticleAddress":"https://www.thoughtco.com/parts-of-a-flowering-plant-373607%22,%22websiteNames%22:%22Parts of a Flowering Plant"}}" data-denotation-char="" data-editor="<ref name="FvIItGDLpp"> Regina Bailey (23-12-2017), "Parts of a Flowering Plant"، <i>www.thoughtco.com</i>, Retrieved 9-1-2018. Edited.</ref>" data-html="<div style='line-height: 0.3;'> <i class="fas fa-pencil-alt edit-ref" style='position: absolute;right:13px;top:5px;cursor: pointer;'></i> <i class="fas fa-times-circle close-ref" style='position: absolute;left: 2px;top: 2px; cursor: pointer;word-break: break-word;' data-id='FvIItGDLpp'></i> <span class="reference-text"> <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" target="_blank" style='word-break: break-word;display:block;line-height: normal;' href='https://www.thoughtco.com/parts-of-a-flowering-plant-373607'>Parts of a Flowering Plant</a> </span></div>" data-id="b0d5d323_6b85_4d0f_8637_f2900bd1d83a" data-index="2" data-order="7" data-tooltip="" data-type="website" data-website="https://www.thoughtco.com/parts-of-a-flowering-plant-373607" data-value="[مرجع]" data-editor-class="editor-1">[2]</span>

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